Carl Zeiss Meditec IOL Master
IOLMaster — Keratometer Tips.
Ask the patient to relax and look at the yellow fixation light. If the patient cannot see the fixation light, he or she should look straight ahead into the IOLMaster.
When adjusting the IOLMaster, make sure that all the 6 peripheral points are visible and located in the field between the two auxiliary circles, as closely as possible to the center of the display. The images of the measuring marks on the display must be optimally focused by varying the distance between patient and device. The images of the measuring marks should be circular or ellipsoid. Provided the traffic light function has been activated, a green light will appear when the measurement setting is optimum.
To improve the reflectivity of the cornea, it is advisable to ask the patient to close and open the eyes several times. This replenishes the tear film and improves the imaging of the measuring marks (on a regular cornea). Artificial tears may also be used. Ask the patient to open his or her eyes WIDE and take the measurement. The appropriate reminder will appear below the video image when the keratometer mode is activated.
The "Error" message may have two basic causes:
The possible reasons for this are described below.
The images of the measuring marks are too large, because the IOLMaster is defocused. The system cannot calculate a measured value and "Error" appears in the display field.
The measurement can be retaken after correcting the focus adjustment to minimise the peripheral mark size. Sometimes, with exactly adjusted focus, small circles (like haloes) may be visible around the six peripheral measuring points. In this case, focusing is optimal.
Concealed Measuring Marks
The display field shows the "Error" message. This error may also occur if the patient blinks during the measurement (0.5s). This is particularly the case with restless or anxious patients.
Ask the patient to open his or her eyes WIDE and repeat the measurement. If this does not resolve the problem, carefully pull up the upper eyelid without indenting the globe.
In the measurement of pseudophakic eyes, images of the measuring marks may be visible at the front of the intraocular lens beside the reflections of the cornea. The reflections from the IOL are fainter and lack definition.
Try moving the IOLMaster approximately 1 mm away from the patient’s eye (defocusing) and take the measurement. The images produced at the cornea will now be slightly larger, while the artifacts of the IOL become fainter, such that the evaluation process may not identify them as measuring points; a measurement is then possible. If this procedure does not succeed, the corneal curvature cannot be measured.
If the tear film is suddenly interrupted, the reflectivity of the cornea will be greatly reduced at these points and the cornea will scatter the light more strongly. If a measuring mark is projected to such a region, the otherwise circular or ellipsoid image of the measuring mark will become irregular. Irregular marks and/or multiple reflections will form. In this case, a precise measurement of the corneal curvature will not be possible. The results will fluctuate or the "Error" message will be displayed.
Ask the to patient blink several times to replenish the tear film on the cornea, then take the measurement immediately or use a tear supplement to prevent rapid drying.
Irregularities of the Corneal Surface (Scars)
Scars and local irregularities on the corneal surface impair the imaging quality of the measuring marks. Depending on the extent and location of the artefacts, measuring errors may occur.
Try to position the measuring mark adjacent to, above or below the scar by slightly displacing the IOLMaster relative to the eye, then take a measurement. In such cases, it is advisable to repeat the measurement several times. Depending on the degree of irregularity, fluctuations or measuring errors may occur.