Zeiss IOLMaster Customer Service: 1-877-486-7473 ext.
IOLMaster — Anterior Chamber Depth
Adjust the IOLMaster for Anterior
Ask the patient to relax and look at the yellow fixation light. If the
patient cannot see the fixation light, ask him or her to look straight
ahead into the IOLMaster. When the anterior
chamber depth mode is turned on, the system automatically activates
the lateral slit illumination. The illumination always originates
from a temporal direction.
The slit illumination will appear subjectively bright to the
patient. However, the measured values of the light load (see Technical
Specifications) are smaller by several orders of magnitude compared
to slit lamp examinations.
When the measurement is
taken, the slit illumination will start to flicker. Instruct
the patient to continue looking at the yellow fixation light,
NOT at the slit.
Although it is not dangerous for the patient to look into the slit projector,
doing so will lead to erroneous anterior chamber depth values.
An image similar to that of a slit lamp (optical section through the anterior
segment of the eye) is visible on the display. Align the IOLMaster to the patient's
eye by lateral adjustment using the joystick until:
The image of the fixation point appears optimally focused in the green square
on the display.
The image of the cornea (right eye deflected to the left, left eye to the right)
is free of reflections. Not perfectly sharp is okay because of system-related
lack of definition.
The image of the anterior crystalline lens is visible in the pupil.
The image of the fixation point may not lie in the image of the lens or
If the IOLMaster has been properly alignedthe images of the fixation point
and the anterior crystalline lens will be simultaneously in focus, as they
are approximately in the same plane.
As a rule, the image of the fixation point lies between the image
of the anterior lens and that of the cornea, if the IOLMaster is optimally
The image of the fixation point should be near (but not in!)
the image of the lens.
The two images above show optical sections of the right eye.
The patterns to the left of the corneal image are direct reflections
of the luminous light exit aperture of the lateral slit projector. These
reflections are not needed for the calculation of the anterior chamber
depth. They must not affect the image of the cornea (see below).
At the left margin of the picture, additional reflections of the patient’s
surroundings (in this case a window) are visible. Depending on the lighting
conditions in the examination room, the front side of the IOLMaster as
reflected by the cornea may also be visible. These artifacts do not affect
the measurement of anterior chamber depth, unless the significant image
details (images of cornea and crystalline lens) and the image of the fixation
point are eclipsed by this extraneous light. This may be alleviated by
slightly darkening the examination room.
WARNING: The IOL Master must be adjusted very carefully for anterior chamber depth measurements. Failing to satisfy the above requirements
for the measurement of the anterior chamber depth will either result
in measuring errors or the measured values shown will be incorrect. Because
of the complexity of the images measured, under certain circumstances
measuring errors may not be recognized as such.
The measurement for the anterior chamber depth on eyes with very small
pupils (e.g., with glaucoma) is particularly problematic and needs some
practice and experience.
The anterior chamber depth of the human eye also depends
on the accommodative state of the eye. This cannot be assessed from an
optical section of the anterior segment.
It is advisable to measure accommodating patients